We can deploy apps inside containers using the daemon-based container engine Docker. Docker has been replaced by
buildah in the default package repositories of RHEL 8 and CentOS 8 and is no longer available.
In this tutorial, we’re going to install Docker CE on RHEL 8 through the official Docker repository for CentOS 8. You can build, and operate apps in containers along with their dependencies. Microservices environments often use containers.
- Docker CE (Community Edition)
- Enterprise Edition (EE)
Let’s get started!
How to install Docker on CentOS 8
Before, getting started we should update our CentOS 8 using the following command.
dnf update -y
And reboot your system using the
reboot command to finish the update.
2. Add Docker CE Repository
After you finished the update. Now, we can include the repository for Docker CE on CentOS 8 or RHEL 8. Use the following command to enable the Docker CE repository.
## CentOS 8 ## sudo yum install -y yum-utils sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo ## CentOS 7 ## sudo yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo ## RHEL 8 ## sudo yum install -y yum-utils sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/rhel/docker-ce.repo
You can verify the repository that has been enabled by entering the following command:
dnf repolist -v
The above command will display the enabled repositories that your system has already installed.
3. Installing Docker CE
After enabling the
docker-ce-stable repository on our system, to display the list of all available packages for docker you can execute the following command:
dnf list docker-ce --showduplicates | sort -r
Now, it’s your choice to install the specific version, that you require and compatible with the dependencies of your project.
Install Docker CE using dnf command
Let’s install the latest version of Docker CE using the dnf command.
dnf install docker-ce --nobest -y
Install Docker CE using yum command
Let’s install the latest version of Docker CE using the yum command.
yum install docker
Install a Specific Version of Docker on CentOS
To install the specific version of Docker on CentOS which we have already listed above, we’re gonna install the specific version.
sudo yum install docker-ce-<VERSION HERE>
You can replace the version of Docker with <VERSION HERE> to install that required version.
4. Manage Docker Service
After the installation of Docker, services such as start and enable can be managed using the
systemctl. Now we’re going to start and enable docker for a startup.
systemctl start docker systemctl enable docker
To check the docker service running you can use the following command.
systemctl status docker
After successful installation of docker, you can check the docker version which is installed using the following command.
If you faced any difficulty or errors after installing docker such as, failed to start docker service unit docker service not found, docker daemon not running then you might wanna read this article.
5. Test And Verify Docker CE Engine
Now that you have installed
docker-ce the engine you can verify whether it’s correctly installed or not so let’s spin up the “hello-world” and “alpine” container using the following command.
First, pull both the images from docker repositories.
docker pull hello-world
Another image you can pull is alpine to test out your docker is working correctly and ready to deploy real-world applications.
docker pull alpine
To find out what images you have downloaded you can use the following command to list.
As you can see you have two images hello-world and alpine you can get a bash shell on alpine by running the following command.
docker run -it --rm alpine /bin/bash
To run the hello-world application you can run the same following command.
docker run -it --rm hello-world
6. Installing Docker Compose
The purpose of docker-compose is to link multiple containers or it is helpful to deploy multiple containers which are dependent on each other. For example, LAMP where PHP, Apache, and MariaDB are running under dedicated containers.
dnf install curl -y curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.27.4/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
Global Installation docker-compose
Since it is available in the python package we can install it using pip.
dnf install python3-pip pip3 install docker-compose --user
To find out what version of docker-compose is installed you can type the following command:
If you followed this guide you will have a successful installation of docker. If you faced any difficulties or issues please mention them in the comments and this article will be updated accordingly.